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## Direct Solvers for Dense Matrices

There are two reasons to consider an iterative method for dense matrices instead of using a transformation method:

1. If one only wants a few eigenvalues and/or eigenvectors near one or a few shifts , it may be cheaper to use shift-and-invert with an iterative scheme instead of a transformation method. This is more likely true with non-Hermitian matrices than Hermitian ones, for which the transformation methods are faster.
2. When a matrix is not very sparse, or not very large, a dense solver may be faster than a sparse solver.

The choice of dense solver depends on the mathematical structure of as follows:

is Hermitian definite.
In this case Cholesky is the algorithm of choice. It is implemented in LAPACK computational routines xPOTRF to compute the factorization and xPOTRS to solve using the factorization (both are combined in LAPACK driver routine xPOSVX). Versions for packed data storage are also available (substitute PP for PO). Cholesky is implemented in analogous ScaLAPACK routines PxPOTRF, PxPOTRS, and PxPOSVX. The factorization is in MATLAB as chol.

is Hermitian indefinite.
In this case Bunch-Kaufman is the algorithm of choice. It is implemented in real (complex) LAPACK computational routines xSYTRF(xHETRF) to compute the factorization and xSYTRS(xHETRS) to solve using the factorization (both are combined in LAPACK driver routine xSYSVX(xHESVX)). Versions for packed data storage are also available (substitute SP(HP) for SY(HE)). It is not available in ScaLAPACK or MATLAB.

is non-Hermitian.
In this case Gaussian elimination is the algorithm of choice. It is implemented in LAPACK computational routines xGETRF to compute the factorization and xGETRS to solve using the factorization (both are combined in LAPACK driver routine xGESVX). It is implemented in analogous ScaLAPACK routines PxGETRF, PxGETRS, and PxGESVX. The factorization is in MATLAB as lu.

Next: Direct Solvers for Band Up: A Brief Survey of Previous: A Brief Survey of   Contents   Index
Susan Blackford 2000-11-20