### Hints for SRM 508, D2, 250-pointer (CandyShop)

### James S. Plank

Wed Feb 12 18:31:19 EST 2014

Problem Statement.

Only 50% of the topcoders got this one right in the SRM. That's because there are a few tripping
points. Here's the solution that came most readily to me.
If you look at the constraints, the potential (X,Y) values in this problem are from -200 to 200 for both
X and Y. That's 40,000 potential values. So, make an two dimensional vector of integers, and for
each value of X/Y/R, add one to all of the potential places in the vector that would be legal for
these values.

At the end, traverse the vector, and every entry whose value is equal to **X.size()** is a legal
place for the Candy store. Count those up and return them.

Let's look at example 2. When we start, here's the relevant part of our vector:

We first process X[0] = 2, Y[0] = 3 and R[0] = 2. That sets 17 cells equal to one:

We then process X[1] = 1, Y[1] = -1 and R[1] = 2. That increment 17 more cells:

As you can see, four of those cells have values equal to **X.size()** = 2. Therefore, the answer
is 4.

Now, one problem is the fact that X[i] and Y[i] can assume negative values, and that's not allowed
with vectors. To fix that, go ahead and add 200 to every value of X and Y. Then, the potential X/Y
values can be between 0 and 400.

Second, writing that loop to increment the vector's values requires a little care. However, I'm
positive you are up to the challenge. Hack it up!