CS302 2012 Midterm Exam. James S. Plank. October 9, 2012. Answer all questions

Question 1

To the right, I give you six vector representations of heaps, each with an action. Your job is to give me the vector representation of the heap that results when the action has been performed. Put the answers on the answer sheet for question one. I have also given you some scratch sheets that will help you do this problem more quickly.
111 16 14 18 36 65 70 53 Push 82
2 6 25 41 68 56 94 48 Pop
3 5 10 38 49 26 93 63 98 65 71 67 Pop
433 36 35 58 65 68 65 100 90 Push 21
518 79 52 98 91 83 86 Push 1
6 1 11 16 18 50 53 100 84 49 75 Push 15

Question 2

Recall the header file for disjoint sets, listed to the right. I have a program which creates an instance of Disjoint in the parameter dj, then does Union() and Find() operations to reach a point where it executes the following statements:

   s3 = dj.Union(s1, s2);
   printf("Union(%d,%d) = %d\n", s1, s2, s3);
   printf("Find(%d) = %d\n", e1, dj.Find(e1));
   printf("Find(%d) = %d\n", e2, dj.Find(e2));
class Disjoint {
    Disjoint(int nelements);
    int Union(int s1, int s2);
    int Find(int element);
    void Print();
    vector <int> links;
    vector <int> ranks;

On the answer sheet, there are four example outputs to the statements above. For each output, the implementation of Disjoint is stated. Your job is to fill in the missing output. To be specific, you'll see the output of the first Print() statement, and then you'll get to see the values of s1, s2, e1 and e2. Your job is to print out the return values of the Union() and the two Find() calls, and then to show the output of the last Print() statement. In Union(), break ties so that the higher set id is the parent of the lower.

To make your life easier, you only need to show the values in the Print() statement that have changed from the previous values.

Question 3: For each action below, state the running time in terms of the most precise big-O notation. Assume that the data structures have n elements. To help you out, each answer will be one of the following: O(1), O(n), O(log n), O(n log n), O(n2), O(2n), O(α(n)).

A: Sorting a vector using insertion sort.
B: Sorting a vector using heap sort.
C: Calling Push() on a heap.
D: Creating a heap from a random vector.
E: Calling Pop() on a heap.
F: Printing all elements of a map in order.
G: Printing all subsets of a set.
H: Calling Union() on a disjoint set.
I: Deleting an element from a map.
J: Printing all pairs of elements in a vector of integers.
K: Inserting an element into a map.
L: Sorting a vector using selection sort.
M: Sorting a vector using bubble sort.
N: Calling Find() on a disjoint set.
O: Sorting a vector using STL multisets.
P: Enumerating all 2-disk failures in an n-disk system.