CS302  Final Exam. May 1, 2008
Please, write your answers on a separate sheet, not on the exam.
Remember your name, too...
Question 1 (45 minutes)
Behold the following graph:
On the next page, there are ten graphs. You are to answer the following, using those ten graphs
when necessary.
 Part A: Which of the ten graphs is a final residual flow graph that
would result when an augmenting path network flow algorithm runs on our graph.
 Part B: What is the value of the maximum flow of through the graph?
 Part C: What is the minimum cut of the graph?
 Part D: Which of the ten graphs is the residual flow graph after one step
of the EdmondsKarp algorithm?
 Part E: Which of the ten graphs is the residual flow graph after one step
of the greedy depthfirst search algorithm?
 Part F: Which of the ten graphs is the residual flow graph after one step
of the algorithm that uses the modified Dijkstra's algorithm to find the augmenting path?
 Part G: Describe how you use the answer to part A to come up with
the answer to part C. Be specific.
Question 2 (15 minutes)
Using the graph drawn to the right, answer the following:
 Part A: Draw the minimum spanning tree of this graph.
 Part B: If one used Prim's algorithm starting at node S, give
the order in which edges are added when constructing the minimum spanning tree.
If an edge is not part of the minimum spanning tree, do not include it.
 Part C: If one used Kruskal's algorithm, give
the order in which edges are added when constructing the minimum spanning tree.
If an edge is not part of the minimum spanning tree, do not include it.


Question 3 (30 minutes)
Here's a partiallycompleted implementation of Dijkstra's shortest
path algorithm from one node to another:
#include <map>
#include <queue>
#include <deque>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;
class Node {
public:
string name;
int distance;
Edge *backedge;
queue <class Edge *> edges;
};
class Edge {
public:
int weight;
Node *from;
Node *to;
};
class Graph {
public:
deque <Edge *> *
Shortest_Path(Node *from, Node *to);
vector <Node *> nodes;
multimap <int, Node *> Dijkstra;
};


deque <Edge *> *
Graph::Shortest_Path(Node *from, Node *to)
{
deque <Edge *> *path;
int i;
Node *n;
multimap <int, Node *>::iterator dit;
for (i = 0; i < nodes.size(); i++) {
nodes[i]>distance 1;
nodes[i]>backedge = NULL;
}
from>distance = 0;
Dijkstra.insert(make_pair(0, from));
while (!Dijkstra.empty()) {
dit = Dijkstra.begin();
n = dit>second;
Dijkstra.erase(dit);
if (n == to) {
path = new deque <Edge *>;
while (n != from) {
path>push_front(n>backedge);
n = n>backedge>from;
}
return path;
}
// The rest of Dijkstra's algorithm goes here
}
return NULL;
}


Now, consider the graph below, left. Suppose we construct an instance of
Graph holding this graph, and we call Shortest_Path from
S to V.
When the while() loop
begins, the state of Graph is pictured below, right.
 Part A: Draw the state of Graph after the first iteration of
the while() loop. The answer sheet has a form for you to fill in  fill
in all blank parts.
 Part B: Draw the state of Graph after the second iteration of
the while() loop.
Question 4 (30 minutes)
You are given a twodimensional vector of doubles, A.
Suppose i < A.size() and
suppose j < A[0].size(). Then we define the function f(i,j)
as follows:
 f(0,0) = A[0][0].
 f(i,0) = A[i][0] + 0.5 * f(i1, 0).
 f(0,j) = A[0][j] + 1.5 * f(0, j1).
 f(i,j) = The minimum of ( A[i][j] + 0.5 * f(i1, j)) and
(A[i][j] + 1.5 * f(i, j1)).
Now, behold the following class definition:
typedef vector <double> VD;
class FindA {
public:
vector <VD> A;
double f(int i, int j);
}

Implement FindA::f() as a recursive dynamic program with memoization.
If you need to add a variable or two to the class, go ahead and do so.
Your implementation should assume that the elements in A are already
implemented, that each A[i] is the same size, and that i and j
are less than A.size() and
A[0].size() respectively.