/* NAME
* mandel - make a plot the Mandelbrot set
* NOTES
* The autoscaling features of the plot library are not used because
* there is a slim chance of round-off problems resulting in a
* skipped line.
* COLORS
* The four permutations of using or not using -rev and -inv will
* yield four different coloring schemes. Try it and see.
* MISCELLANY
* The method for choosing the viewable region may seem
* counter-intuitive at first, but it has some nice properties. In
* particular, selecting the exact (x, y) coordinates for the
* upper-left corner and only selecting the lower right y coordinate
* forces both the x and y scales to be identical since all scales
* are uniquely determined by these values along with the plot
* width and height. If you then change the width or height of the
* plot, the relative scales will still match up. The options for
* making a box work similarly.
* BUGS
* No sanity checks are performed to make sure that any of the
* options make sense. In particular, the bounding corners can be
* screwed up, and division by zero can occur with a malicious
* setting of IDIV.
* AUTHOR
* Copyright (c) 1997, Gary William Flake.
*
* Permission granted for any use according to the standard GNU
* ``copyleft'' agreement provided that the author's comments are
* neither modified nor removed. No warranty is given or implied.
*/
#include
#include
#include
#include "misc.h"
int width = 640, height = 480, maxit = 160, invert = 0;
int levels = 256, rev = 0, box = 0, idiv = 1, mag = 1;
double ulx = -2.4, uly = 1.4, lly = -1.4, bulx, buly, blly, bail = 16.0;
char *term = NULL;
char help_string[] = "\
The Mandelbrot set is drawn according to the specified parameters. The \
image is computed by iterating the complex equation z(t) = (z(t-1))^2 \
+ c, where c is the complex point (x + yi) that corresponds to an (x, \
y) screen coordinate and the initial value of z(0) = 0. If the system \
diverges at time k (i.e., |z(k)| > BAIL) then a point at (x, y) is \
plotted with the grayscale color (k / IDIV + (k % IDIV) * (LEVELS / \
IDIV)) % LEVELS), which reduces to (k % LEVELS) with an IDIV of 1. \
";
OPTION options[] = {
{ "-width", OPT_INT, &width, "Width of the plot in pixels." },
{ "-height", OPT_INT, &height, "Height of the plot in pixels." },
{ "-maxit", OPT_INT, &maxit,
"Maximum number of iterations before automatic bail-out." },
{ "-levels", OPT_INT, &levels,
"Number of plot (gray) levels to use." },
{ "-bail", OPT_DOUBLE, &bail,
"Value of |z| to end iteration, i.e., the bailout value." },
{ "-ulx", OPT_DOUBLE, &ulx, "Upper-left corner x-coordinate." },
{ "-uly", OPT_DOUBLE, &uly, "Upper-left corner y-coordinate." },
{ "-lly", OPT_DOUBLE, &lly,
"Lower-left corner y-coordinate." },
{ "-box", OPT_INT, &box,
"Line width for a box. If zero, no box is drawn." },
{ "-bulx", OPT_DOUBLE, &bulx, "Box's upper-left x-coordinate." },
{ "-buly", OPT_DOUBLE, &buly, "Box's upper-left y-coordinate." },
{ "-blly", OPT_DOUBLE, &blly, "Box's lower-left y-coordinate." },
{ "-idiv", OPT_INT, &idiv,
"Iteration divisor. When greater than one, this creates a "
"banding effect." },
{ "-rev", OPT_SWITCH, &rev, "Reverse all colors but first?" },
{ "-inv", OPT_SWITCH, &invert, "Invert all colors?" },
{ "-mag", OPT_INT, &mag, "Magnification factor." },
{ "-term", OPT_STRING, &term, "How to plot points." },
{ NULL, OPT_NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - */
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
extern int plot_mag;
extern int plot_inverse;
int i, j, k;
double inc, binc, a, b, u, v, w, x, y;
get_options(argc, argv, options, help_string);
plot_mag = mag;
plot_inverse = invert;
plot_init(width, height, levels, term);
plot_set_all(0);
/* Compute the size increment of a single pixel. */
inc = (uly - lly) / (height - 1);
/* For each vertical line... */
for(j = 0, y = uly; j < height; j++, y -= inc) {
/* For each horizontal line... */
for(i = 0, x = ulx; i < width; i++, x += inc) {
a = x;
b = y;
/* Inner loop for the point (x, y). */
for(k = 1; k <= maxit; k++) {
/* The complex equation, which sets the updates to (a, b). */
u = a * a;
v = b * b;
w = 2.0 * a * b;
a = u - v + x;
b = w + y;
/* Check bailout condition, and plot as appropriate. */
if(u + v > bail) {
if(rev)
plot_point(i, j, -((k / idiv + (k % idiv) * (levels / idiv)) %
levels) + levels - 1);
else
plot_point(i, j, (k / idiv + (k % idiv) *
(levels / idiv)) % levels);
break;
}
}
}
}
/* Show a box, if appropriate. */
plot_inverse = 0;
if(box > 0) {
binc = (buly - blly) / (height - 1);
plot_box((bulx - ulx) / inc, (uly - buly) / inc,
(bulx + width * binc - ulx) / inc,
(uly + height * binc - buly) / inc, box);
}
plot_finish();
exit(0);
}
/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - */