This bibliography lists some of the books and articles that I have found useful in preparing this seminar.  As such, it is oriented toward the themes of this seminar (Goethe, Faust, science), and does not intend to be a comprehensive or balanced bibliography for Goethe, his scientific methods, or his Faust.  I would be happy to hear of other relevant resources; please send me mail.

  1. Bates, Paul A. (1969). Faust: Sources, Works, Criticism.  New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1969.

  2. Baron, Frank. (1978). Doctor Faustus: From History to Legend. München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 1978.  Background on the historical Dr. Faustus and his contemporaries.

  3. Berman, Marshall. (1988). All That Is Solid Melts Into Air: The Experience of Modernity.  New York: Penguin Books, 1988.  Ch. 1, “Goethe’s Faust: The Tragedy of Development,” is relevant.

  4. Binswanger, Hans Christoph. (1994). Money and Magic: A Critique of the Modern Economy in the Light of Goethe’s Faust, tr. J. E. Harrison.  Chicago & London: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1994.  One of his chapter titles, “The Modern Economy: A Continuation of Alchemy by Other Means,” puts it succinctly.

  5. Binswanger, Hans Christoph. (1998). “The Challenge of Faust,” Science, Vol. 281, Issue 5377, pp. 640-641, 31 July 1998.  He writes, “Goethe’s protagonist is representative of modern man who, through science, seeks to subjugate nature and to build up a new economic realm of freedom and prosperity.”

  6. Bortoft, Henri. (1996). The Wholeness of Nature: Goethe’s Way toward a Science of Conscious Participation in Nature.  Hudson, NJ: Lindisfarne Books, 1996.  Comprehensive exploration of Goethe’s philosophy of science from a phenomenological perspective.

  7. Dieckmann, Liselotte. (1972). Goethe’s Faust: A Critical Reading.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1972.

  8. Easlea, Brian. (1980). Witch Hunting, Magic and the New Philosophy: An Introduction to Debates of the Scientific Revolution 1450-1750.  Sussex, NJ: Humanities Press, 1980.  Synthetic overview of intellectual and social factors in the ascendancy of modern science (characterized by empirical methods and a mechanical understanding of nature) and the decline of the “nature philosophy” (which informs Goethe’s approach to nature).

  9. Edinger, Edward F. (1990). Goethe’s Faust: Notes for a Jungian Commentary. Toronto: Inner City Books, 1990.  Sketchy but cohesive commentary by a well regarded Jungian analyst.

  10. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. (2000). Faust (Parts I & II), tr. by Walter Arndt, ed. by Cyrus Hamlin, 2nd ed.  New York: Norton Critical Edition, 2000.  Includes useful footnotes, interpretive notes, and critical essays.

  11. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. (1997). Goethe on Science: An Anthology of Goethe's Scientific Writings, ed. J. Naydler.  Edinburgh: Floris Books, 1997.  Brief collection of short selections from Goethe’s scientific writings with informative introductions by the editor.

  12. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. (1988). Scientific Studies, ed. & tr. by Douglas Miller.  The Collected Works, Vol. 12.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1988.  Selections dealing with methodology, morphology, botany, zoology, geology, meteorology, and physics.

  13. Gray, Ronald D. (1954). Goethe the Alchemist: A Study of Alchemical Symbolism in Goethe’s Literary and Scientific Works.  Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1952; reprinted, Mansfield Centre, CT: Martino Publ., 2002.  A useful presentation of the influence of alchemical ideas especially on Goethe’s scientific work, but also on his Faust, and Märchen.

  14. Hillman, James. (1978). The Myth of Analysis: Three Essays in Archetypal Psychology.  New York: Harper-Collins, 1978.  See especially Part 3, “On Psychological Femininity,” for the complex historical interrelations between views of women and nature from a Jungian perspective.

  15. Jantz, Harold Stein. (1951). Goethe’s Faust as a Renaissance Man: Parallels and Prototypes.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951.  Reprinted, New York: Gordian Press, 1974.

  16. Jantz, Harold Stein. (1969). The Mothers in Faust: The Myth of Time and Creativity.  Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1969.

  17. Mason, Eudo C. (1967). Goethe’s Faust: Its Genesis and Purport.  Berkeley & Los Angeles: Univ. of California Press, 1967.  Especially good discussion of the Erdgeist (ch. 5).

  18. Merchant, Carolyn. (1980). The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution.  San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1967.

  19. Palmer, Philip Mason, & More, Robert Patterson. (1936). The Sources of the Faust Tradition from Simon Magus to Lessing.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1936.

  20. Raphael, Alice. (1965). Goethe and the Philosophers’ Stone: Symbolical Patterns in ‘The Parable’ and the Second Part of ‘Faust’.  New York: Garrett, 1965.  Detailed analysis from a Jungian perspective of alchemical symbolism in Faust II and Märchen.

  21. Seamon, David. (1978). “Goethe’s Approach to the Natural World: Implications for Environmental Theory and Education,” ch 15 in David Ley & Marwyn S. Samuels (eds.), Humanistic Geography: Prospects and Problems, pp. 238–50.  Chicago, IL: Maaroufa Press, 1978.

  22. Seamon, David, & Zajonc, Arthur (eds.). (1998). Goethe’s Way of Science: A Phenomenology of Nature. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1998.

  23. Sepper, Dennis L. (1988). Goethe contra Newton: Polemics and the Project for a New Science of Color.  Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988.

  24. Sharpe, Lesley (ed.). (2002). The Cambridge Companion to Goethe.  Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002.  Good chapter on Faust, as well as much biographical & background information.

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