Parabasis (Coming Forward):
After the other characters have left the stage, the chorus members
remove their masks and step out of character to address the audience.
First the chorus leader chants in anapests (eight per line) about some
important, topical issue, typically ending with a breathless tongue twister.
Next the chorus sings, and there are typically four parts to the choral
Sung by one half of the chorus and addressed to a god.
- Epirrhema (Afterword):
A satyric or advisory chant (eight trochees [long-short] per line)
on contemporary issues by
the leader of that half-chorus.
- Antode (Answering Ode):
An answering song by the other half of the chorus in the same meter as
- Antepirrhema (Answering Afterword)
An answering chant by the leader of the second half-chorus, which leads
back to the comedy.